Gum disease is an infection of the gums.
It is caused by plaque, a sticky film that collects on teeth and gums. Plaque makes acids and toxins that can make gums red, puffy, or bleed. Over time, gum disease can cause gums to pull away from the teeth. This can form pockets between the teeth and gums. Germs can become trapped in these pockets, causing the bone around the teeth to become week.
Gum disease is common. Many people have an early form of gum disease, which can be treated with good oral care. But if you ignore gum disease, it can weaken the bone around the teeth, causing the teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.
Signs of gum disease
- Gums that are red or puffy or bleed when you brush or floss- These are early signs of gum disease. They can usually be treated by good oral care.
- Tooth pain or sensitivity- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth can make teeth sensitive to hot or cold foods or drinks.
- Persistent bad breath.
- Adult teeth that are loose or develop gaps, changes in the way your teeth fit when you bite down- this is the most serious form of gum disease.
Tips to prevent gum disease
- Brush teeth and gums and floss between teeth- Pay special attention to your back teeth. They are likely to have more plaque on them because they are hard to reach
- Change your teeth brush every three months.
- If your gums bleed, don’t stop brushing and flossing – Use a tooth brush with soft bristles so you don’t hurt your gums.
- Visit the dentist regularly ( at least once in six months… In severe cases more frequent visits may be necessary) for professional teeth cleaning and check-ups.
If you have any further doubts or queries regarding the status of your gums, feel free to email us your queries or call CDG Practices today to book in an appointment with one of our friendly, experienced dentists.